30 August, 2013

The Bhat Brahmins

Kashmiri Pandits and their contributions to Sikhism

The fact that the Sikh Gurus always surrounded themselves with Kashmiri Pandits has been suppressed as well as distorted by the so called 'historians' funded by the British to manipulate Sikh history. Instead, a deep contempt and hatred of Brahmins was encouraged in Punjab through various interpolations and canards spread by the British Christian missionaries. One of the main culprits is the Irish Christian missionary known as Max Arthur Macauliffe, who was funded by the British East India Company to further weaken Hindu society by establishing the Tat Khalsa Singh Sabha, the SGPC, AKJ, Nirankaris ( modern day Sikhs ) etc These prophets of doom nurtured a narrow minded puritanical Victorian ideals established by the British Raj, began to label Guru ordained Sanatan Sikhi as being false. They were financed heavily to set up their own printing presses and conversion schools, to carry out distortions of Punjab history by going as far as spreading canards that Jatt Sikhs were not of Indian or Hindu origin but were from Syria, Jordan and Greece or were Sythians - the agenda to give the notion that the Sikhs constitute one Race and Nation,and are not a part of Mother India at all. By specifically picking and choosing what should be a part of the Sikh holy scriptures, by erasing or manipulating the Banis such as the Kartarpur Banis, which are in Braj Bhasha, these stooges of the British re-wrote the Shri Adi Granth ji, renamed it the Guru Granth sahib and made it the main scripture to be followed by all Sikhs. The Tat Khalsa began to radically alter Sanatan Sikhism as it had been preached by all the Gurus, so to ensure it conformed to their new British Raj accommodating perception.
Facts ignored and distorted by Tat Khalsa & SGPC

Contempt of Brahmins was the main goal of the Jaichand stooges such as Kahn Singh of Nabha and Teja Singh Bhasuria. Myths were created about how the 9th Guru Tegh Bahadurji sacrificed his own life for some Kashmiri Brahmins who had allegedly run to him for protection. The accounts of the numbers of Kashmiri Pandits seeking protection from Guruji have been mentioned as : 500,600, 1000, 16, 25 etc with inconsistencies in the story from one sikh writer to another. But having done painstaking research on the various circumstances surrounding the beheading of Guru Tegh Bahadurji, one cannot stop taking into account the fact that guruji was initially summoned by Aurangzeb to accompany Raja Ram Singh ( commander of Mughal army ) to invade Assam in 1667. The war had continued for at least 3-4 years after which both Guruji and Ram Singh returned to Delhi defeated by the Ahom Hindu Kings. Accompanying Guru Tegh Bahadurji for the Assam mission were two other Kashmiri Pandits - Bhai Mati dass and Dayal Dass, who were brothers, but this has been conveniently ignored by the Tat Khalsa stooges. In 1675, Guru Tegh Bahadurji and the two Kashmiri Pandits were summoned by Aurangzeb and were mercilessly tortured to death. The sacrifice of the Kashmiri Pandits has been written as 'brave Sikh sacrifices' in Tat Khalsa chronicles, blatantly leaving out the facts. 

Eleven Bhats who contributed Swayyas to Shri Adi Granth were all Brahmans. There are 123 compositions in holy book. The Bhat Brahmins all originally from Kashmir, were Saraswat Brahmins, who wrote the Bhat Vahi Talauda Parganah Jind, which has the genealogy of the Gurus, in a script called Bhatakshri. These Bhats were Bhat Kalsahar, Bhat Jalap, Bhat Kirat, Bhat Bhlkha, Bhat Salya, Bhat Bhalya, Bhat Nalya, Bhat Gayana, Bhat Mathura, Bhat Harshas, and Bhat Bhalya. Of these, Bhikha Bhat was of Sultanpur Lodhi whose family had escaped the tyrannical Islamic reign in Kashmir and given initiation as a shishya by Guru Amardas at Gobindwal. He lived upto the time of Guru Arjan Dev to whom he introduced seventeen other Brahmin scholars - Santokh Singh (Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth), Bhai Vir (Guru Granth Kosh) and some others among the traditional scholars count 17, and Pandit Kartar Dakha puts the figure at 19.This variation in numbers is owed to the fact that the Bhats used to sing the Gurubanis in chorus of traditional Ragas taken from the Sama Veda.

The works of these intellectual Brahmins are known as Bhat Banis. According to Bhai Santokh Singh, Sri Gur Pratap Suraj Granth, `They were the Ved`as incarnate" (p. 2121).

20 June, 2013

Message for Amrit Singh

I have been receiving stupid idiotic messages from this guy who calls himself a Sikh, trying to give me advise about Vedas & talking nonsense basically like all Talibani Neo Sikhs do when cornered with some true facts that Sikhi is not anything but the Advaita philosophy of Sanatan Dharm ( Hinduism ).

Amrit Singh, I seriously don't have time to waste reading & publishing any of your nonsense comments so why don't you do all of us a favour & go do something that will benefit you & your fellow Talibani sikhs? Instead of telling me manipulated stories about whether Guru Arjan Devji was against Karva Chauth vrats & whether Guru Nanak devvji was against Siddhas when he himself ensured their company throughout his entire life - Just go & get some education Mr Amrit Singh. Stop listening to the Jatt Granthis & being brainwashed by them like most of your fellow Khalistanis who call themselves Sikhs. Shame on you.

But anyways, heartfelt gratitude for stopping by on this site & reading my stuff.

This is for you & the Khalistani fan ( fool ) club only  - why I am keeping quiet to your crap .....

01 May, 2013

Sarabjit Singh

Since last week friday, I have been so angered as well as saddened at the news of Sarabjit Singh, the Indian prisoner,( falsely framed by Paki authorities ) who was brutally attacked by jail inmates.Pakistani news media & the Indian media seem to be telling us different stories as to how just was Sarabjit attacked by 2 inmates in the cell at Lakhpat jail, Lahore, though there are sources which mention he was in fact attacked by 6 men with bricks, iron rods & sharp weapons to slit his throat.

It was premeditated. But what gets me, Sarabjit himself knew of this imminent attack for very long, he had also written a letter to the Hijda Manmohan ( PM of India ), Sarabjit's sister,Dalbir Kaur, had repeatedly appealed to PM & Khangress leaders to assist, but to no avail.

It seems clearly a case of attempted murder by the Paki government since Sarabjit himself knew of this imminent danger he may face soon & had written letters describing his fears, the Indian Khangress Government took no notice of this whatsoever. It is almost as if there has been a plan in place to actually conspire along with the Jihadi regime of Islamabad to get 'rid' of Sarabjit as soon as possible before he began to spill the beans.

For some time I had been continuing to raise the issue of Sarabjit Singh on many websites on the net.

Sarabjit Needs Us - He is ' clinically dead '

It is difficult to believe that Sarabjit was hit on his head with bricks and blunt objects on 26 April by fellow Pakistani prisoners in a rush of blood and there was no larger conspiracy. There have been reports, attributed to Indian intelligence sources, that Lashkar-e-Taiba and Taliban planned the attack on Sarabjit in retaliation to the hangings of Pakistani national Ajmal Kasab (21 November, 2012) and Indian national who was in cahoots with Pakistan terror outfits Afzal Guru (9 February, 2013).

There have also been reports that Sarabjit Singh’s attackers Mudassar and Aftab have been foot soldiers of the LeT as well as the Tehree-e-Taliban, Pakistan. Apart from these two, Sarabjit was attacked by five other prisoners whose identity is not yet clear. These Pakistani prisoners had sharpened spoons and plates which they used to attack Sarabjit.

Sarabjit Singh's family returns to India, seeks appointment with Sonia Gandi

Amritsar/Lahore: The distraught family of Indian death row prisoner Sarabjit Singh, who was brutally assaulted in a Lahore jail last week, returned home via Wagah Border on Wednesday after doctors in Pakistan reportedly indicated that he was "clinically dead".

Upon their return, Sarabjit's sister Dalbir Kaur said that the family will try to meet UPA Chairperson Sonia Gandhi soon. Raj Kumar Verka, Vice Chairman of the National Commission for the Scheduled Castes, said in Amritsar on Tuesday that he spoke to Sarabjit's sister Dalbir Kaur who told him that doctors have told her that Sarabjit was "brain dead". "I think that Sarabjit had died earlier. Why did the Pakistan government have to do this drama (of allowing the family to visit him in Lahore) when he was already gone? They sought her permission to remove him from the ventilator," Verka, who was instrumental in securing visas for four members of Sarabjit's family from the Pakistan High Commission in New Delhi on Saturday, told media.

Meanwhile, Sarabjit's lawyer Awais Sheikh told a news channel from Lahore that he will file a new petition in Lahore High Court today seeking permission for Indian doctors to examine him. “I am going to file a fresh petition in Lahore High Court seeking its permission to allow the Indian doctors to be part of the medical board which is treating Sarbjit Singh here.”

When quizzed why he was pressing for the inclusion of Indian doctors in the Pakistan medical board, Sheikh admitted that he was doing so as he suspected full information is not being disseminated about Sarabjit Singh’s health. Sarabjit's sister Dalbir Kaur is also seeking an appointment with the UPA chairperson and Congress chief Sonia Gandhi to brief her about Sarabjit Singh’s condition and to request her to press the Centre to ask Pakistan to handle the case more sensitively.

Sarabjit Singh, 49, was admitted to a Lahore hospital in a critical condition after a vicious attack on him by fellow prisoners at the Kot Lakhpat Jail April 26. He has been on ventilator support ever since. The Indian government had earlier appealed to Pakistan for Sarabjit's release even while a medical board in Pakistan said that he would continue to get treatment in Pakistan and not shifted out.

Manmohan the Hijda PM of India has completely failed to protect a citizen of India, that too, from a terror Jihadi failed state which needs to be bombed immediately. He ought to either resign or go drown himself - the earlier the better for all of us.

My heart goes out to the family. Waheguruji protect Sarabjit Singh.

30 April, 2013

Sajjan walks free after committing Sikh Genocide

Maut Ka Saudagar Sajjan Kumar

The testimony of dozens of survivors recorded by Commissions of Inquiry recount how hysterical mobs led by Congress leaders hunted down the Sikhs, drenched the victims in kerosene and set them on fire
The recent order of a Delhi court directing the Central Bureau of Investigation to re-investigate the role of Congress leader Jagdish Tytler in the anti-Sikh violence of 1984, has rekindled hopes among the victims of that dreadful pogrom that justice will be done. The order came on the plea of a relative of one of those killed in the violence at Gurdwara Pulbangash in north Delhi.
Mr Tytler is one among several prominent leaders of the Congress, who allegedly led the mobs which indulged in arson, looting and killings in Delhi after Indira Gandhi’s assassination. The CBI had given Mr Tytler a clean chit twice before in this case, but the court wants the agency to examine the allegation afresh. Side by side, a Delhi judge has reserved his order in the case involving another leader of the party — Mr Sajjan Kumar — who is accused of inciting a mob in the Delhi Cantonment area.
These developments come as a timely reminder to all citizens who wish to see that the core values in our Constitution which guarantee a secular and democratic society, will ultimately prevail. It is also a reminder to the Congress that, try as it might, it just cannot make the people forget its barbaric role in unleashing a pogrom against the Sikhs in the national capital and many other parts of north India, after Indira Gandhi’s assassination on October 31, 1984. 
In order to divert public attention from the shameful role it played in 1984, the party repeatedly rakes up the issue of the Gujarat riots of 2002. Often the remarks are ill-mannered. For example, a spokesperson of the Congress said the other day that Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi was certainly not the knight on the white horse that his party vice president Rahul Gandhi alluded to, while addressing the cream of India’s business and industry. Why? Because Mr Modi’s favoured vehicle is (like Lord Yama’s) a buffalo. His comments were akin to the Maut ke saudagar label that Ms Sonia Gandhi tried to pin on Mr Modi in 2007. That did not go down well with the people of Gujarat, but the Congress will never learn.
Every now and then, there is a re-run of its rusted arguments against Mr Modi in the hope that everything that happened prior to 2002 can be wiped out of public memory. It is exactly this mindset which made it destroy copies of the Shah Commission report which exposed the fascist policies of this party during the Emergency. The same approach is adopted vis-à-vis the mass killing of Sikhs by its cadres in Delhi and elsewhere in 1984. The party thinks that, if it keeps reminding people of Gujarat 2002, somehow, 1984 will be forgotten.
Every Indian must know the facts about the pogrom that the Congress ordered against the Sikhs, following the assassination of Indira Gandhi. Thereafter, they must decide who the real maut ke saudagar are in India’s politics. Several commissions and committees probed the systematic and barbarous attack on the Sikhs at that time. Among them, two commissions of inquiry provide us grisly details of the horrific crimes perpetrated by Congress workers at the behest of leading politicians of that party in Delhi.
According to the Ranganath Misra Commission of Inquiry, as many as 3,874 people were killed in 1984, of which a majority —2,307 — were killed in Delhi. The Commission found that many of those who participated in the killings were from the Congress or its sympathisers. It said the mobs comprised persons associated with the Congress and sympathetic to that party. Strangely, the Commission sought to explain this behaviour of Congressmen by saying that everyone who took a dip in the Ganges was not purified. Similarly, everyone in the Congress is not a Gandhi who believes and practises non-violence.
The Nanavati Commission, which was appointed in May, 2000, because of complaints that the riots had not been fairly investigated, also spoke of the involvement of members of the Congress. It said the attacks on the Sikhs took place in a systematic manner and “without fear of police”. Many relatives of victims told these commissions that they were jeered at by policemen when they went to police stations to lodge complaints.
This Commission said large number of Congress leaders and workers “had either incited or helped the mobs in attacking the Sikhs”. Further, it categorically declared that “but for the backing and help of influential and resourceful persons”, so many Sikhs could not have been killed so swiftly. In its view, the mobs were assured “that they would not be harmed”. The testimony of General AS Vaidya, the then Chief of Army Staff, lent credence to this view that the Government was soft on the rioters. He told the Ranganath Misra Commission that, though 6,000 troops were available in the Capital, the Government did not immediately call in the Army.
The testimony of dozens of survivors recorded by these commissions recount the manner in which hysterical mobs fuelled by Congress leaders hunted down members of the Sikh community, drenched the victims and their homes in kerosene and set them on fire. Yet another repulsive method used by Congress workers was to throw burning tyres around the necks of victims and lynch them if they tried to escape. As the victims burnt to death, Congress workers danced around them chanting, “Khoon ka badla khoon se lenge”.
Goons belonging to the ‘secular’ Congress destroyed 131 Gurdwaras in just Delhi alone. These slogans were heard near Teen Murti Bhavan as well and were broadcast by Doordarshan.  Many witnesses said the brutality of Congressmen was worse than that witnessed in the post-Partition riots in 1947.

Today, although 29 years have gone by, not one of the Congress’s leaders who planned and executed the killings has been punished. This dreadful episode in India’s history culminated in the most shameful manner when Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi justified the pogrom against the Sikhs. He surmised that such violence against the Sikhs was inevitable when he told a public meeting in Delhi that “when a big tree falls, even the earth trembles”. So, now that we have refreshed our memories, we need to ask the Congress spokesperson as to which animal was the favoured mount of Rajiv Gandhi? And who, Sir, is India’s Maut ka Saudagar?

22 March, 2013

More crazy Khalistani Myths

Khalistani Myth : 'All the Gurus were Sikhs'

Khalistanis are usually quick to tell us that the Guru Sahibaans were actually Sikhs belonging to a different faith other than Hindu Dharm. They have even gone as far as telling us that the Mughals were actually confused when it came to describing the Gurus. 

Guru Arjan Devji was the 5th Guru in succession, who became Guru in September 1581 after Guru RamDasji. He was the first of the Gurus to be martyred by the tyrannical Mughals. Guruji's clothing such as : Seli topi(cap normally worn by Hindu saints only ), chola, pyjama, Batva, Dushala, Simrana Mala and the Chandan with which he would do Tilak after taking bath everyday  are kept in the historical town of Doaba. The fact that Guruji wore Chandan Tilak proves our Gurus were all Hindus, addressing Hindus of Punjab at the time. Their audience was mainly Hindu as Sikhism was not known at the time. What they preached was indeed Vaishnava Vedanta in its simplest of form to the wider majority who were downtrodden under the Islamic tyranny. 

This is what Jahangir writes  in his diary the "Tuzuk-i-Jahagiri" ( "Memoirs of Jahangir") about Guruji :

"In Govindwal, which is on the river Biyah (Beas), there was a Hindu named Arjun, in the garments of sainthood and sanctity, so much so that he had captured many of the simple-hearted of the Hindus, and even of the ignorant and foolish followers of Islam, by his ways and manners, and they had loudly sounded the drum of his holiness. They called him Guru, and from all sides stupid people crowded to worship and manifest complete faith in him. For three or four generations (of spiritual successors) they had kept this shop warm. Many times it occurred to me to put a stop to this vain affair or to bring him into the assembly of the people of Islam."

Janhangir's passage is very significant, for it clearly indicates a vital point.
 He clearly indicates that Guru Arjan Devji was a Hindu, who was attracting more Hindus (of Punjab) and Hindu converts of Islam to his teaching and Darbar (i.e. having more success than Jahangir and the Ulama at drawing crowds and converts) - he was definitely as Jahangir said 'keeping his shop warm’.

Farid Bukhari was appointed governor of the Panjab with unlimited powers. Within a few months of the new Emperor’s accession (October 1605) Guru Arjun was tortured to death (June 1606).
Shortly after Guru Arjun Devji's death Shaikh Ahmad of Sarhind wrote to Farid Bukhari:
‘The execution of the accursed kafir of Goindwal is an important achievement and is the cause of the great defeat of the accursed Hindus.’

Ahmad clearly indicates how the death of Guruji , who was the spiritual leader of all Hindus would be a great blow to the Hindus of Punjab, who would now have no other option but of defeat & accept Islam.

In a letter written to Shaikh Farid Bukhari entitled Murtza Khan, the Governor of Punjab, he said: 

''The execution at this time of the ‘accursed Kafir’ of Goindwall…with whatever motive…is an act of the highest grace for the followers of Islam.''He added : ''the Hindus should be treated as dogs. Jazia should be imposed upon them and cow slaughter should be allowed in the open.''

These accounts written by the Islamic occupiers of the time clearly indicate 2 things:
1. Guruji had successfully united the Hindus of Punjab under his spiritual leadership & due to this the Islamic rulers had become envious & insecure, therefore executing Guruji to destroy the morale of the Hindus;
2. He was a Hindu himself who addressed his fellow Hindus of the time through teaching the great spiritual philosophy of Sanatan Dharm which was dear to all the Gurus.

Neo Sikhs, see if you can prove any of this wrong.

Going Back to Classical Raga Shabads & Kirtans

I was at one of my favourite Gurudwaras recently for someone's Akhand Paath & the atmosphere as usual was divine.But the Granthis were as usual ill educated, out of 'SUR' when singing Shabads with filmi tunes  - one must have continued to speak of Macauliffe & how the Christian missionary 'saved Sikhi' for the good of Punjab. Looking around, most of the sangat were either not interested in what the Granthi was saying, nor anyone seemed to know who the hell is Macauliffe even.. Little did this Granthi know the extent of damage & poison that has been the main cause of Macauliffe's mistranslations, manipulations of the Shri Adi Granthji & seeds of anti-Hinduism sown into every Sikh's mind. The type of 'Parchaar' or speeches going on nowadays in most Gurudwaras are actually dragging Sikhi backwards & away from the Guru's original words & preaching. Is it any wonder that Sikhs are lost nowadays? Either we get the most radical brainwashed Khalistani Talibani Sikhs with turbans & beards only as their identity with no clue as to what the original Sanatan Sikhi was as per the Guru's word - or  - we get those who don't even care whether they are Sikhs or not. Their's is just to drink their cash away, eat all types of meat, go to the local Gurudwara for showing off to their Sikh neighbours only - but the true essence of Sikhi is truly withering away daily as seen in most Gurudwaras. The most annoying & disappointing thing about the way in which the Granthis sing Shabads & Kirtans nowadays is no way near to arousing any spirituality within the hearts of the listeners or devotees. Perhaps we ought to demand that these Granthis or Raagis to sing in the original Ragas in which the Shabads are meant to be sung in. 

I'll finish the post with this fantastic video & hope you all enjoy listening to this Shabad Kirtan bani of Shri Guru Angad Devji in its traditional Raga Sri Raga Di Vaar.

WaheGuruji Ka Khalsa
WaheGuruji Ki Fateh


21 March, 2013

Continuing with Khalistani Myths

Khalistani Myth : ' Brahmins are enemies of Sikhism -'

A well known Myth spread by the venomous Talibani Khalistanis. What they do not tell us is that :

1. Several Sikhs were indeed Brahmins such as Bhai Gurdas, Baba Buddha etc  Chhibber (alternatively Chibber or Chhiber) is a Brahmin clan from Kashmiri and settled in Punjab. They are one of the seven clans of the Mohyals who are Saraswat Brahmins of Kashmir. The other six clans are Bali, Bhimwal, Datt/Dutt, Lau, Mohan and Vaid. Punjabi Brahmins other than Mohyals include Barahis (Twelvers), Bawanjais (Fifty-twoers) and Athwans (Eighters). Most Chhibbers are Hindus,  and were closely associated with the Gurus, especially the ninth and tenth Gurus, Guru Teg Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh.

2. Guru Gobindji's teacher & mentor was in fact a Kashmiri Brahmin called Kripa Ram Dutt who was well knowledged in warfare, martial arts, Vedas, Upanishads, sanskrit, Farsee & also fought alongside the Khalsa army & died a martyr for Sanatan Sikhi. He taught the young Guru Gobind Singh all the knowledge of Vedas, warfare & martial arts.

3.  Guru Tegh Bahadur's close followers were Kashmiri Pandit Brahmins. Their names were Bhai Sati Dass, Bhai Dayal Dass & Bhai Mati Dass who all were tortured to death by Aurangzeb. They accepted martyrdom instead of being forcibly converted to Islam. They wore the Janeu, tilak & died for Hindu Dharm. It seems Guru Tegh Bahadurji too died for Hindu Dharm, the faith he so much held close to his heart as per his following statement to Aurangzeb: 

'Tin te sun Siri Tegh Bahadur
Dharam nibaahan bikhe Bahadur Uttar bhaniyo, dharam hum Hindu
Atipriya ko kin karen nikandu Lok parlok ubhaya sukhani
Aan napahant yahi samani Mat mileen murakh mat loi
Ise tayage pramar soi Hindu dharam rakhe jag mahin
Tumre kare bin se it nahin

~ Guru Tegh Bahadur's reply to Aurangzeb's ordering him to embrace Islam
(In response, Shri Tegh Bahadur says, My religion is Hindu and how can I abandon what is so dear to me? This religion helps you in this world and that, and only a fool would abandon it. God himself is the protector of this religion and no one can destroy it.)

In recognition of the devotion and supreme sacrifice made by the Brahmin Mati Dass, Guru Teg Bahadur bestowed the title of Bhai on him. In course of time, all Chhibbers belonging to the village of Karyala adopted this title. 

4. Bhai Mati Dass was a Mohyal Brahmin of the Chhibber clan. He belonged to the village of Karyala, a stronghold of the Chhibbers, in the Jhelum District in Punjab (Pakistan), about ten kilometres from Chakwal on the road to the Katas Raj Temple Complex. The village stands on the top of the Surla hills.Originally from kashmir, these Pandits had fled the tyranny of Aurangzeb's rule in the valley for a safe haven in Punjab.

Mati Dass was the son of Hira Nand, a disciple of Guru Har Gobind, under whom he had fought in many battles. He survived the Guru, and a little before his death he had entrusted his two sons, Mati Das and Sati Das to the care of Guru Har Rai, who had assured the dying man of his full attention and help. Both the lads remained attached to the Guru's family at Kiratpur. When Guru Har Krishan was summoned to Delhi by Aurangzeb, both the brothers, Mati Das and Sati Das, were present in his entourage along with his brother Dayal Dass and Gurditta, a descendant of Bhai Budha (different from Baba Gurditta, the son of Guru Hargobind, brother of Guru Teg Bahadur and father of Guru Har Rai).

5. The title of Bhai was first given to a Kashmiri Brahmin family settled in Kiratpur. It was their nephew Chaupa Singh Chibber who compiled the first Rehat Maryada. He served the last three gurus. He was the care-taker of Guru Gobind Singh.

6. Bhai Kesar Singh Chhibber, son of Gurbaksh Singh, wrote 'Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka' his work in 1779 AD. He served Mata Sundari (wife of Guru Gobind Singh). Many descendants of this extended Chhibber clan of Karyala (Bhai Charan Singh, Bhai Gaj Singh, Bhai Wazir Singh and Bhai Jai Bhan) were entrusted with senior posts during the rule of Maharaja Ranjit Singh, and awarded jagirs and stipends. They were issued certificates of honour, exempted from paying salt-tax and severe punishments were provisioned for anyone disturbing the peace of their families.

7. Baba Praga Sen (1507—1638) laid the foundation of Karyala, which remained the home of the Chhibbers for 450 years till the Partition of India in 1947. Praga became a disciple of Guru Nanak Dev. After Guru Nanak Dev, Baba Praga played an important part during the lifetime of the next five Gurus: Guru Angad DevGuru Amar DasGuru Ram Das,Guru Arjan Dev and Guru Har Gobind. In the year 1638, he fought with Paindah Khan, the Governor of Lahore. Baba Praga was wounded and died on his return to Karyala. His samadhi stands on the outskirts of Karyala and another memorial was raised in Kabul at ‘Char Bagh’. The cross section beyond Sarai Guru Ram Das on the periphery of the Golden Temple Complex at Amritsar is named Chowk Praga Das after him. His loyalty and spiritual devotion to different Gurus particularly Guru Arjan Dev finds a mention in the book Suraj Prakash.

8.Praga Das' son, Durga Das was the Diwan of Guru Har Gobind and the seventh Guru, Guru Har Rai. His son, Lakhi Das was anointed to the same post but he died soon afterwards and Durga Mal held that position until Guru Har Krishan

9. Several of the advisors, head of bodyguards and army generals of Maharaja Ranjit Singh were Brahmins.